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Linux Add Font

Go to your Home directory in File manager. Press Ctrl+H to show hidden files in Ubuntu. Right click to make a new folder and name it .fonts. That dot at the beginning is important. In Linux, if you put dot ahead of the file name, it hides the file from normal view.

Linux Add Font

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Did you know Fedora packages several freely-licensed fonts?There are several supplementary fonts to preview and try out that are not installed by default.Like all fonts on Fedora, these fonts are not encumbered with licenses or restrictions.

An added benefit of packaged fonts is they give you control over the font package in the future.You will receive future updates and can easily uninstall it later if you decide it is not the font for you.

Unpackaged fonts are not managed by a package manager.You will not automatically receive updates or optimizations.If a font is provided by a distribution package, you should always use a packaged version of a font.

User fonts are installed for an individual user.Only the user who installs the fonts on the machine will be able to use these fonts.This is also convenient if you do not have superuser (i.e. root) access on the machine.

To install fonts to your system for use by all users, (as root) you can place the font files somewhere under /usr/share/fonts or /usr/share/fonts/truetype. Alternatively, if the fonts reside elsewhere on your system, as root, you can also link to the directory.

From Wikipedia:Computer font: "A computer font is implemented as a digital data file containing a set of graphically related glyphs. A computer font is designed and created using a font editor. A computer font specifically designed for the computer screen, and not for printing, is a screen font."

The typesetting application TeX and its companion font software, Metafont, traditionally renders characters using its own methods. Some file extensions used for fonts from these two programs are *pk, *gf, mf and vf. Modern versions can also use TrueType and OpenType fonts.

You should give pacman the ability to manage your fonts, which is done by creating an Arch package. These can also be shared with the community in the AUR. The packages to install fonts are particularly similar; see Font packaging guidelines.

The creation of a subdirectory structure is up to the user, and varies among Linux distributions. For clarity, it is good to keep each font in its own directory. Fontconfig will search its default paths recursively, ensuring nested files get picked up.

For the Xserver to load fonts directly (as opposed to the use of a font server), the directory for your newly added font must be added with a FontPath entry. This entry is located in the Files section of your Xorg configuration file (e.g. /etc/X11/xorg.conf or /etc/xorg.conf). See #Older applications for more detail.

If you are seeing errors similar to this and/or seeing blocks instead of characters in your application then you need to add fonts and update the font cache. This example uses the ttf-liberation fonts to illustrate the solution (after successful installation of the package) and runs as root to enable them system-wide.

Almost all Unicode fonts contain the Greek character set (polytonic included). Some additional font packages, which might not contain the complete Unicode set but utilize high quality Greek (and Latin, of course) typefaces are:

Kaomoji are sometimes referred to as "Japanese emoticons" and are composed of characters from various character sets, including CJK and Indic fonts. For example, the following set of packages covers most of existing kaomoji: gnu-free-fonts, ttf-arphic-uming, and ttf-indic-otf.

Fontconfig automatically chooses a font that matches the current requirement. That is to say, if one is looking at a window containing English and Chinese for example, it will switch to another font for the Chinese text if the default one does not support it.

Fontconfig lets every user configure the order they want via $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/fontconfig/fonts.conf.If you want a particular Chinese font to be selected after your favorite Serif font, your file would look like this:

There are several font aliases which represent other fonts in order that applications may use similar fonts. The most common aliases are: serif for a font of the serif type (e.g. DejaVu Serif); sans-serif for a font of the sans-serif type (e.g. DejaVu Sans); and monospace for a monospaced font (e.g. DejaVu Sans Mono). However, the fonts which these aliases represent may vary and the relationship is often not shown in font management tools, such as those found in KDE and other desktop environments.

Applications and browsers select and display fonts depending upon fontconfig preferences and available font glyph for Unicode text. To list installed fonts for a particular language, issue a command fc-list :lang="two letter language code". For instance, to list installed Arabic fonts or fonts supporting Arabic glyph:

For terminal emulators that use X resources, e.g. xterm or rxvt-unicode, fonts can be set by using escape sequences. Specifically, echo -e "\033]710;$font\007" to change the normal font (*font in /.Xresources), and replace 710 with 711, 712, and 713 to change the *boldFont, *italicFont, and *boldItalicFont, respectively.

Matplotlib (python-matplotlib) uses its own font cache, so after updating fonts, be sure to remove /.matplotlib/fontList.cache, /.cache/matplotlib/fontList.cache, /.sage/matplotlib-1.2.1/fontList.cache, etc. so it will regenerate its cache and find the new fonts [7].

Fonts on Alpine Linux covers a wide range of various languages. If you can't see your language, you need to install the font that has glyphs (little picture) created for it. The square box called a substitute character or "tofu" that acts as a placeholder for missing a glyph usually with a two byte sequence. Tofu is a prepared food that is a traditional part of East Asian and Southeast Asian meals. It is often served in a white rectangular appearance.

Default internal fb fonts (tty console) or xorg fonts (desktops) are suitable for a default installation. font-misc-misc is installed with Xorg, so fonts for most languages (Japanese, Korean, Latin, Cyrillic) are already covered. Exceptions are Arabic, Persian, Thai, Tamil, etc. according to the Wikipedia Page on languages for article translation.

Some applications do not specify a specific font to use but rather say sans-serif [sans means without as in without tiny lines], serif, monospace [as in proportional square font]. This is where Fontconfig comes into place by substituting the general font type with a specific font that you like. For package developers, /etc/fonts/conf.avail contains a fontconfig configuration file. This will be symlinked into /etc/fonts/conf.d. See /etc/fonts/conf.d/README for details about the meaning behind the priority numbers.

Fontconfig is a library designed to provide a list of available fonts to applications, as well as configuration for how fonts get rendered. The FreeType library renders fonts based on this configuration. The freetype2 font rendering packages on Arch Linux include the bytecode interpreter (BCI) enabled for better font rendering especially with an LCD monitor. See #Fontconfig configuration and Font configuration/Examples.

The font paths known to Fontconfig by default are: /usr/share/fonts/, /.local/share/fonts (and /.fonts/, now deprecated). Fontconfig will scan these directories recursively. For ease of organization and installation, it is recommended to use these font paths when adding fonts.

For more details about Xorg configuration read, Xorg#Configuration. If you want font paths to be set on a per-user basis, you can add and remove font paths from the default by adding the following line(s) to /.xinitrc:

Configuration can be done per-user through $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/fontconfig/fonts.conf (usually $HOME/.config/fontconfig/fonts.conf), and globally with /etc/fonts/local.conf. The settings in the per-user configuration have precedence over the global configuration. Both these files use the same syntax.

Fontconfig gathers all its configurations in a central file (/etc/fonts/fonts.conf). This file is replaced during fontconfig updates and should not be edited. Fontconfig-aware applications source this file to know available fonts and how they get rendered; simply restarting such applications is sufficient to load the new configuration. This file is a conglomeration of rules from the global configuration (/etc/fonts/local.conf), the configured presets in /etc/fonts/conf.d/, and the user configuration file ($XDG_CONFIG_HOME/fontconfig/fonts.conf). fc-cache can be used to rebuild fontconfig's configuration, although changes will only be visible in newly launched applications.

There are presets installed in the directory /usr/share/fontconfig/conf.avail. They can be enabled by creating symbolic links to them, both per-user and globally, as described in /etc/fonts/conf.d/README. These presets will override matching settings in their respective configuration files.

Font rasterization converts vector font data to bitmap data so that it can be displayed. The result can appear jagged due to aliasing. Anti-aliasing can be used to increase the apparent resolution of font edges. Anti-aliasing is enabled by default. To disable it:

Font hinting (also known as instructing) is the use of mathematical instructions to adjust the display of an outline font so that it lines up with a rasterized grid (i.e. the pixel grid of the display). Its intended effect is to make fonts appear more crisp so that they are more readable. Fonts will line up correctly without hinting when displays have around 300 DPI.

Using BCI hinting, instructions in TrueType fonts are rendered according to FreeTypes's interpreter. BCI hinting works well with fonts with good hinting instructions. Hinting is enabled by default. To disable it:

The autohinter attempts to do automatic hinting, disregarding any hinting information embedded in the font. Originally, it was the default because TrueType2 fonts were patent-protected, but now that these patents have expired, there is very little reason to use it. It does work better with fonts that have broken or no hinting information, but it will be strongly sub-optimal for fonts with good hinting information. Generally, common fonts are of the latter kind, so the autohinter will not be useful. The autohinter is disabled by default. To enable it:


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